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提高视觉处理能力的方法及反思(一)

我的一个客户经历了十多年专门的特殊教育机构的教育,多年各种专业治疗,但是只会写一半的大写字母。我通过一种辨析细节的训练方法,在比较短的时间逐步教会了她写几乎所有的大写字母,只剩最后一两个字母尚在进行中。我通常都是创造出一个字母的各种容易写错的错误组合加上正确写法给她辨识,等她可以从中轻松辨认出正确的写法之后,再让她写从来没有写过的新字母,一般都是差不多水到渠成,或者只需要轻轻帮一下就成功了,完全不需要使用特殊教育方法中常见的临摹。

特殊教育的专业传统的方法,通常是大量的临摹,就是在已经写好了字的纸上一遍遍的描。虽然这是一个被大规模采用的方法,但是对于有严重视觉处理问题的人来说,这是走了大弯路。比如我的这个客户,一直非常努力,这么多年描了无数遍,但是如果大脑里没有形成清晰的字母图像,是不可能不依赖提示成功写出来字母的,只有大脑里最终有了清晰的图像,才可能写出来。而我的方法就是帮助形成非常清晰的字母图像,当一个人可以很自信的看出字母的正确写法和细微错误写法之间的不同的时候,大脑里的图像已经非常清晰了,写出来是一件很容易的事情。

再倒推回如何判断是因为视觉处理能力导致的障碍呢?普通人很觉察到有些人先天视觉处理能力有比较大的缺陷,比如总体发育滞后的残疾人士,其中一部分会有非常影响生活和学习的视觉处理问题。能够观察并且判断出是否有明显视觉处理障碍,这是一个非常关键的第一步,这是一个大话题。

半年前读了一本书:《The Woman Who Changed her Brain》,里面有一章专门讲到了视觉处理的问题,那时候才发现原来有人已经做了跟我类似的事情,只是她的方法已经比较成熟,而我的正在摸索中。书中尤其讲到,大脑中有大约50%的部分参与了视觉处理,所以如果一个人的视觉处理有问题,大脑很多功能都会有影响,反之,如果一个人的视觉处理能力有了很大提高,那么对很多方面都会有促进作用。

提高视觉处理能力的方法以及反思(二)

视觉处理能力可以大概分为两个方面,一个是静态细节的区分能力,一个是动态视觉能力的处理,包括视力跟踪以及外围视觉能力( tracing and peripheral vision )。第一个针对的是觉察以及区分精细细节的能力,第二个跟各种运动,尤其是球类运动相关。

对于静态细节区分能力,我使用的训练方法就是根据客户目前的视觉处理能力,提供几个很相似的图形/字母,难度要比现在能够轻松区分出来的图形/字母稍微难一点,等客户可以轻松区分以后再细化,逐步深化,逐步提高。

对于视觉跟踪以及外围视觉能力,一个最简单而又行之有效的方法就是大量的球类运动。大球要比小球难度低,轻飘飘的布球要比硬邦邦的篮球难度低,各种球类活动在能力范围内多练都非常有益。Rhythmic Movement Training(RMTi) 以及 Feldenkrais Method 对这个问题都有比较有效的方法。同时我非常推荐 air hockey table,这个很多娱乐场所都有,可以多玩,速度因人而异,不需要玩得非常快。

所有我学过或者正在培训的方法里,RMTi我非常推荐,投入产出比很高的方法,对特殊需要儿童以及有些发育延迟的儿童效果很好,只需要家长每天坚持做上10-15分钟。当然因为动作比较简单,一般过了一两年后效果就到瓶颈了。这就是Feldenkrais方法的优势了,这种方法可以有近乎无穷的变化,可以不断刺激大脑发育,当然价格会高不少。

一些学龄儿童有比较严重的字迹不端正的问题,其中一些的原因之一也是视觉处理的细化能力不够,所以字迹是否端正或者潦草对他们而言感觉差不多。但是现在的主流应对治疗方法主要都是针对精细动作训练,以及不断的提醒写字要认真,而视觉处理方面的不足却被忽视。观察这种孩子的图画,细节一般都非常简单,因为平常观察到的视觉信息忽略了很多精细内容,所以大脑内的图像就很简单缺乏丰富细节,所以只能画出简单图案。对于这样的情况,上面的训练方法同样有效。

以上是个人看法以及成功经验总结,供读者参考。

About Yoga

This is a translated version from Lin Liangchuan’s article on facebook, the founder of his Fascia and bone adjustment method, which I am very interested in and have seen some amazing results of it. I’ve tried to get the author’s permission for publishing it but failed. Please contact me if there’s any copyright issue. (My English is not good, fortunately I’m not making a living on translation)

When I was running the former outpatient clinic, I’ve treated a lot of patients injured because of practicing Yoga, also treated a lot of yoga teachers as well, therefore I was in deep wary about Yoga. Recently I wanted to change some of the external and internal structure of the body, but my original practice encountered some bottlenecks, so I tried some other methods, including Yoga, so I have a new idea of this knowledge. What I originally practiced was mainly in the circulation of coherent body different systems, different levels of fascia. But for the adhesion between the fascia or between the tendon and the bone, to relax, I need a higher perspective or a longer period of time exercise, which is not achievable with my current experience in a short period of time. I find Yoga however could do that, but at the same time I think yoga is a very dangerous method. I practice Taiji, mainly belong to the standing work, standing, leg muscles on the bone plate involved, will make the torso movements limited, the spine and ribs are not active to the limit that they should be able to move open, so that the deepest muscle in the middle of the torso can’t be unravel, There is no way for the whole fascia system to complete the reorganization smoothly.

Nowadays Yoga teaching seems has become mainly a posture method, through the body to make a certain posture, to achieve the body structure or function of the adjustment. Yoga has a lot of action on the floor, lying on the floor can lift the leg muscle contraction, so the torso can reach its activity limit, the body can twist at various angles, so it’s easier to open different levels of fascia between the adhesion, and can increase the active angle of tendon attached to the bone. The dislocation of the body, is basically a kind of rotation, if yoga practice is good, it can gradually unravel different systems at different levels of physical problems, restore the body structure. But there are some prerequisites, the main thing is that yoga teachers or practitioners, know what their physical problems are, what they need, in order to really solve the problem, therefore it will not cause further harm.

Yoga practice needs to pose for many specific positions, there should be a lot of details to explore clearly, but also a lot of physical restoration needs to understand the knowledge, rather than yoga teacher said the posture is not correct. Correct posture is not the core of this knowledge. For the same action, because each person’s physical problems and needs are different, so each person can do the same action with different appearances. In addition, the role of breathing and the training of the body’s inner view, in the posture of the exercise, occupies a very important part. Every Yoga teacher said that the action needs to cooperate with breathing, but how to breathe, how to cooperate with the action, I did not see anyone clearly stated. Of course, this may also because I am a layman of this learning, my knowledge of it is limited.

Based on my experience in going to Yoga class and reading Yoga books, now Yoga practice has become a kind of stretching contest, it seems that the who can pose in more distorted way, is the one that practice better. Like a book I saw in a bookstore, it felt because that a Yoga practitioner could twist his body like a rubber band, known as a Yoga master, I think it’s a big problem.  From my previous experience in treating Yoga teachers, I asked them:  You did know that some movements can cause harm to your body, why did you have to do more than your limit? Their answers were usually: because students could do it, teachers couldn’t be worse than them, so they have to do it. I often ask them: teacher is to teach knowledge, which NBA basketball coach plays better than the players?

When you turn yoga into a stretching contest, it creates a lot of problems. The whole fascia system is basically not elasticity, it is generally not able to shrink or expand. It has some buffer space in the activity, but that is for use in the normal range of activities. When you stretch the skeleton to the limit, these buffer spaces disappear, all you do is to pull the fascia of other side of the body through the contraction of the muscles on one side of the body, which will only pull the body’s structure system crooked, twisted, the place that being stretched will feel relatively loose, but that is only because the body is borrowing fascia from other places to use it.

 So some of the yoga teachers I treated, as well as some senior yoga practitioners, as the results of desperately strained, the fascia at the end of the body are very tight, such as fingers, toes are very tight, so that the terminal circulation is very bad, which will suppress the kinetic energy of the heart, and on the surface although the body is very loose, But in essence, the tension drop between different layers of the fascia is very large, and the deep fascia is actually tight.

The body’s fascia system is a three-dimensional structure network, really healthy body, deep and shallow layer of the network of content, tension is to be the same, but also in the dynamic, the body of the shallow layer of all the content is the way to move according to the concentric circle, Chinese traditional method, like Taiji, is based on such principles So that the deep fascia of the body can follow the shallow slip flow. Therefore, one of the most important principles of this kind of practice is: “once move, the whole body would move, there shouldn’t be any place that will not move “.  Every part of the body moves under the same tension. This must make different levels of fascia in a concentric circle of the way to be able to do.

The way the body uses the muscle system on a daily basis is often immobilizing a certain part of the body to be the base for other part of the body to move. Such as when we have to reach for the cup, we would immobilize the muscle that holds the shoulder strap, while the arm’s muscles would shrink. Or, like walking, we would fix the muscles of the waist and pelvis, while shrinks the muscles of the legs. The use of such a way, will make the body fascia system tension is not complete, the direction of the muscle contraction of the deep and shallow layer will appear uncoordinated, in the depth of the joint tension will continue to grow. This shallow layer of muscles is in a staggered state, if the way to move with a tendon, the shallow fascia taut pull, the deep fascia system will be more tightly locked, the shallow fascia slip becomes smooth is at the expense of the dynamic nature of the deep fascia be less mobile.

Due to the wide range of activities of our limbs, the limitations are mainly from the skin and shallow fascia, stretching will make the dynamic of the shallow fascia increased, but did not follow the concentric circle of the way to make the fascia restore accordingly, so there are some people who practice yoga for a long time, actually they are afraid of the cold.

Now the yoga class, a lot of focus in the posture, only care about the position is not correct, or what can be achieved by this position, and did not pay attention to the change that the body should have during the process.

From the point of view of body structure therapy, I think the most valuable part for yoga is the process, and breathing in the process of posing and after putting on a position. In the process of posing, the action should be slow and smooth, so that the body’s fascia system has enough time to coordinate and reorganize, and when the tension in body start to appear but  has not reached the tension limit, it must stop, so that the fascia system has time to rearrange and reorganize in this position.

In practice, the teacher should know what kind of posture is more needed for students, and should know in what kind of situation, is the limit that students can do under this position, that is, how students should restore his structure, and the limits that can be restored at present, rather than always emphasizing what the benefits of these actions are to the body.

In practice, when posture is close to the limit of tension, it indicates that the pathway of body structure to restore is ready, what is needed is to, let the body rearrange under this posture, that is, the fascia system re-unlock, tendon and bone re-alignment. But the key is although the structure is ready, the body may not go as expected, then a trigger is needed to guide the fascia system to slip.  This trigger power can be of two kinds.

One is the slight flexor and extension, and shaking of the limb. The way to let the muscles relax and restore is to rotate the fascia that wraps this muscle to equal left and right tension, and the strip muscles can be loosened.  Muscle can’t be loosen, is due to the fascia system wrapping, because of the fascia system rotation, rather than the muscle itself problems, that’s why the book ”myofascial” is wrong from the very beginning till the end.

In the position that is close to the limit, do not pull the limb to the limit, slightly leave some movable space, so that the whole body can be in the direction of the longitudinal axis slight flex and extend, so that each local fascia system reorganize, the tension between the two systems across the joint becomes connected and even. A slight shake in the direction of the transverse axis allows the deeply tightened system to have the opportunity to loosen the tension and restore.

There is also a power to restore trigger that is breathing. There are two ways to breathe, one is chest breathing and the other is abdominal breathing. Chest breathing, is through pulling ribs to trigger skin and shallow fascia system to slip. Abdominal breathing, is through pulling the diaphragm to trigger viscera and other deep fascia to move, both are necessary.

The reason for Yoga to be a profound learning, is definitely not only because of its effect in physical level, but also because it’s a spiritual exercise. When in the process of posing posture, the reason for the movement need to be slow and smooth, is because to feel the process of posing, fascia system can do concentric round spread and reorganization, in the process we must feel different depth of tension changes in different parts of the body, we must be able to see and feel at the same time, of all the details of the body, in order to find their own needs of the precise angle. Problematic details in body, will appear uncomfortable tension in the course of physical activity to let the brain feel, the more peaceful the mind, the more delicate details can be felt.

Our bodies remember emotions, emotions and bodies are in a state of co-structure, and the stimulation of certain parts or muscles of the body can cause certain emotions. The appearance of that emotion can also cause changes in the contraction of muscles or hormones. In the process of physical restoring, many emotions and deep memories of life would reappear, in the exercise, if we are in a clam and quiet perspective, lots of trauma and emotions will emerge and can be seen, and gradually heal, if the heart is not calm enough, then we won’t be able to see and heal.

There is also a situation, after the posture is set, when using breathing to pull fascia, whether to use abdominal breathing first to pull deep fascia, or chest breathing to pull shallow fascia, can only be mastered when someone has a clear sense of awareness of how to restore one’s body. Breathing and slight flexural shaking, is the most important self-structural adjustment, in the process. The serenity and observation of the heart are very similar to the breathing guidance established in ancient China. As a result, yoga in the course of the exercise, gradually from both physical and mental aspects of the clear self.

In this position of the exercise process, the fascia system gradually to the position, reduction, loosening, this time the limb can gradually extend, a lot of deep adhesion can be untied, but also because of the stimulation of repeated drills, fascia system gradually reorganize growth. These are the ideas that I put forward from the point of view of the practicing structural therapist, not necessarily the original meaning of Yoga, but I think it should be well worth the reference for a modern Yoga teacher.

Lin Liangchuan

Some talks about spine therapy: chiropractic and chiropractic guns – Lin Liangchuan

This is a translated version from Lin Liangchuan’s article on facebook, the founder of his Fascia and bone adjustment method, which I am very interested in and have seen some amazing results of it. The other article about the Yoga is a better explanation of his theory, however both articles seem controversial. I’ve tried to get the author’s permission for publishing it but failed. Please contact me if there’s any copyright issue. (My English is not good, fortunately I’m not making a living on translation)

Treating the disease with just hands, working from the spine is the most common and popular practice. It is common to get instant result from it, but when looking beyond this medical point of view, although the result is instant, if we look further towards long term effect, it may be a different story.

Structurally, the body’s activities, the spine is used as a supportive part for the use of the limbs. The spine is passive in the use of the body. Except for the cervical spine, the spine does not have the opportunity and ability to actively move and change.

Unless because of injuries, the change of the form of body structure is mainly due to the structure of the limbs. It is a result of collapsed stack of peripheral muscles. The change of the feet or hands causes the vertical axis and horizontal axis to change, and the spine is changed as a result of it.

The shape of each part of the body is formed by compensating the entire three-dimensional structure network of human body, and the type of each part is interacted with and associated with this entire three-dimensional structure network. If the fascia locked at the end of the extremities is not unraveled, the tendon turning adhesion deep in the joints of the extremities is not unraveled, there is no way to truly change the entire three-dimensional structure network.

Therefore, if the fascia system of the extremities is not unraveled, direct adjustment of the pelvic spine will only disrupt the alignment of the different layers of the fascia in the trunk. It is impossible to truly change the position of the pelvis and the spine.

Regardless of the form change of the structure, or the priority of treatment, the shape of the spine and pelvis is determined, and it is only the last result, which is never the cause.

The reason for the appearance of symptoms of diseases, apart from direct nerve root compression, are all because of fascia system disorders, which make the muscle contraction dysfunction, and blockages in intestinal and visceral rhythm (so restoring the internal organs’ rhythm without seeing and restore the fascia system disorder, is just nonsense) which in turn leads the emergence of the circulatory system.

Therefore, the chiropractic theory believes that most of the dysfunction of the body is due to problems with the spine which leads to oppression of the nerves, this theory is fundamentally problematic, and their treatment does not focus on restoring the entire fascia system, but directly from the vertebrae. Disregarding the necessity of balanced tension on the whole fascia system, would make the problem more complicated.

The treatment like chiropractic, many of its effects are based on the intention of building the structure and the elimination of symptoms. There is no concept of restoration, which cannot be called a real cure. In fact, it is more like taking Panadol while having a headache.

If the palpation is done delicately, you will know that the directly adjusted pelvis and spine will be brought back to the original state by the fascia system of the limbs after patient’s slight active movements. The deep muscles beside the spine, because their alignment with outer muscles becomes worse, often aggravating the complexity of the disease, while appearing to be eliminating the symptoms.

Chiropractic gun is also a popular direct treatment of the spine, it’s a tool that can quickly generate vibrational forces at a single point.

They believe that the benefits of this tool are fast and accurate, and the strength can reach deep, and the dislocated spine can be corrected when the muscles are too late to respond.

The advantages they think are precisely the places where I think this medical point of view is most problematic. The spine is the result of the coordination of compensation of the whole system. The dislocation of the vertebral body is pulled by the whole system. By adjusting the strength of the surrounding vertical and horizontal axes is adjusted, the dislocated vertebral body will naturally return to the body and directly correct the spine. Working directly on the spine, is just dispersing the tension to other places, and even likely to increase the tension of the real problematic lesions more.  Therefore, using this tool, is a kind of disregarding cause and effect, and the treatment is of wrong priority, in addition to a brief disruption of the fascial system to eliminate symptoms, only makes more problems to complicate the disease.

Lin Liangchuan 2019.03.19 Peach Garden

初次灵气(Reiki)体验

因为跟我一起参加Feldenkrais Method (费登奎斯方法)培训的同学中,有不少接触过Reiki,甚至有人接受过Reiki practitioner的培训,他们给我做过一些初步介绍,这种方法是利用宇宙中的正能量帮助自己和他人,感觉非常spiritual,似乎很适合我,所以我也想试试。

顺便说一下Feldenkrais Method,是一种借由动作来完善自身的整体机能,包括运动控制,大脑,乃至精神层面和情绪等等诸多方面的非主流治疗和运动学派,比较偏门一些,而Reiki就更加偏门。我之所以对这些非主流的学派有兴趣,是因为我发现他们具有很短时间内就急速提高人体各方面机能的潜力,这个是传统治疗方法不能够做到的。但是跟所有治疗和运动方法一样,这种神奇的效果,在时间和疗效上并没有一定的保证。

我在Australia Reiki网站上找到了离我比较近的一位master级别的Reiki治疗师,约好了时间就过去了。开门的是一位非常慈祥而普通的老太太,普通得不能再普通了。Reiki中文叫灵气,是借助宇宙能量的一种方法,因此我的预期是master应该多少有些仙气,所以见到master第一眼我的想法是,我来对地方找对人了吗?房间墙上很多东西,茶几上也是满的,感觉不到任何仙气,我自然而然的谨慎怀疑。

老太太终于落座开始跟我聊天,这时候起我开始感觉到气场变了,屋内有一种看不见说不出的东西,大脑内的神经已经开始感到放松。这时候我知道,我来对地方了,于是一边聊一边享受这种放松的感觉,同时很期待等会的治疗。

老太太给我做了一个engergy scan,这是很神秘的一种技能,简单讲就是她能看到我们普通人看不到的能量光。她大概讲了一下我的energy scan情况,然后治疗正式开始。

我只需要躺在床上什么都可以不做,这应该是Reiki比较特别的地方,尤其是对没有多少运动能力的客户,这是一个优势,Reiki的要求很低,只要能躺着不拒绝就可以了。

我的Feldenkrais同学描述的Reiki体验是,当治疗师把手放到她头上的时候,她感觉治疗师rearranged everything。我完全同意这种体验,而且加上一点,就是我年初最开始拿到了六帝钱放到枕头底下的时候,我感觉马上头部有反应,晕沉沉的,连着昏睡了三天,现在老太太把手放在我头上的反应跟最开始躺在六帝钱上睡觉的反应非常相似。她的手放在我身体的不同地方我的感觉各式各样,头部感觉还是最为强烈。

治疗结束,老太太说帮我卸掉了很多负能量,这不正是我期望的嘛。

回家后,我感觉人不一样了。我发现口味变了,不喜欢重口味的菜了,更喜欢素菜了,是那种发自内心的满心欢喜的喜欢。一到晚上身上就发痒,估计是排毒,就这样痒了差不多一周。情绪上平和了很多。基本上这是我这辈子接受过的反应最强烈改变最大的两次治疗之一,上次是在20年前发生的,我完全的臣服了。对于各种改变,我都以平常心看待和接受。

很期待下一次的治疗。

Let’s talk about fine motor skill training

After working in early childhood education area for some time, I’ve seen quite some gentle or harsh fine motor skill training methods. Some of them are good will oriented yet poorly effective, in fact, some of them made the kids so frustrated that may leads to natural connection of failure with fine motor skill training, which makes the result nearer to negative effect rather than positive effect. I’ve also noticed quite some not so great fine motor skill training methods when working with people of disabilities, that’s why I’d like to share my understanding of fine motor skill training.

For pre-schoolers, some of the problematic methods I’ve seen are because of the expectation is far beyond the child’s current ability. If you try to let a pre-schooler with serious grasp issue and also with dyslexia traits or visual procession issue to copy his name or copy a word by himself without any extra help, it’s nearly impossible to have a result of satisfactory. Another important reason why the fine motor skill training in early childhood education is not getting the right point is because many educators simply believe training fine motor skills is all about the grasp and the strength of finger muscles, which is far from being comprehensive.

Fine motor skills, especially about writing, actually includes many areas. Basic impression may be just the movements of hand and fingers, actually many other parts of the body are involved too. Such as wrist, movements from wrist are very important. You can try to write without any movements from the wrist, see how hard it is to write. About the movements of fingers, it’s far more than just strength of each finger, the good timing of changing movements and coordination between fingers, the smoothness of changing finger’s strength and directions, are more important than strength alone. Try to imagine an extreme example: a people has great strength in each of his finger however the fingers are very stiff and hard to move and change direction, imagine how good the person can write with a hand like this. Therefore that’s why training the coordination of fingers and wrists are more important than training the strength. Unfortunately, many designed trainings focus too much on strength and grasp.

Another very important part of fine motor skill is shoulder and neck, which is very likely to be overlooked. All the people that I am currently working with, as long as they can write, their hand writings are all noticeably improved, and I didn’t even work with their hands and wrists. I work on shoulder and torso and other areas, which can bring much more change than just the handwriting. Pictures below is the change of handwriting from one client, who’s always using the so called incorrect grasp.

Before
After

I’ve seen some recommended videos of how to train people with disabilities to do some job with hands. I noticed that when hand and arm were raised to a certain level, the whole shoulder and arm and hand were already very much stressed close to the limit, if you ask a person with serious fine motor skill issue to do any fine activity with hand in this setting, the challenge would be enormous.

Another factor that is commonly overlooked is visual procession ability. The ability of visual procession is the final guide of fine motor activity. This feedback to the brain can help the brain to adjust the body’s operation in later steps. Many kids with visual procession issue have serious handwriting difficulty, however after improving their visual procession ability, the handwriting will be automatically improved. I’ve seen a child in a preschool using the least proper grasp wrote the most beautiful letters in the entire preschool. I think it’s because he has excellent visual procession ability to compensate his weakness very well.

That’s why in my understanding, fine motor skill training, especially writing, is far more than just the grasp and the strength of fingers.

漫谈精细动作的训练

在幼教行业工作过,见识过不少温柔的或者强硬的训练幼儿精细动作的方法,其中相当一部分都是本着良好的愿望而不能达到目的,我认为有些让幼儿非常沮丧自卑的训练可能会得到反效果,让儿童见到这种训练就产生本能的抵触和失败感。在与残疾人士的工作中发现不少精细动作的训练也不得法,所以想随便聊一下。

对于幼儿来说,一部分不得法的训练源自不能根据孩子目前的状况因材施教,期望值与孩童本身目前能力之间有巨大差异。让有dyslexia 特征或是有视觉处理问题的4岁孩子抄写自己的名字,结果自然是一团糟。另一部分的不得法训练的原因,也是幼教以及其他的精细训练工作中常见的问题,就是认为精细动作其实就是训练抓握笔的姿势和力度。这其实是非常片面的观点。

写字为主的精细动作其实包括了非常多的方面,看上去好像只是手指在动,其实手腕的运动也很重要。大家可以试着手腕固定不动写字看看是不是非常困难。手指运动绝不仅仅只是力度的问题,各个手指头之间的力度转换与协调,力度使用的恰到好处,时间配合,都是重要过力度本身的要素。一个极端的例子就是想象有一个人的手每个手指头都力大无比,但是僵硬得不行,弯曲困难,一个手指弯曲度稍做改变都非常困难,如果想这种手写字,可以想象会有多么困难。所以实际上训练手指手腕的协调与配合其实更重要。很可悲的是,现在很多关于精细动作的训练都非常着重于手指头的力度以及抓握姿势。

还有一个非常重要的关于写字等精细动作操作的部分是肩颈部。这是个非常容易被忽略的地方,其实相当重要。我所有的客户,只要能写字的,每个人的字体都变好,而事实上我都没有动过他们的手和手腕,只是处理过他们的肩颈部分。附图是其中一个客户写字字体的变化。我看过一些被人推荐的训练手部操作的录像,当手抬高伸长到一定程度以后,整个肩臂以及手部已经被拉伸的非常紧了,接近极限,如果这个人本来就有精细动作困难,这种情况下想很好的用手或者手指头做任何细致的操作都会非常困难。

before
After

另外一个经常被忽视的方面就是视觉处理能力。视觉处理是最终书写的导航仪,也是身体自己把书写结果反馈给大脑,这样大脑能根据前面的结果调整后面的操作。有视觉处理问题的小孩,有很多有书写难看的问题,但是在提高视觉处理能力以后,很容易观察到书写整洁度和可读性明显提高。我曾经在一个preschool见过一个孩子,用差不多全preschool最糟糕的握笔姿势,写出几乎全preschool最漂亮的字,因为他的视觉处理能力非常好,而且大脑提供了很好的补偿机制把他的弱势给补偿得非常好。

所以,精细动作,尤其是写字,绝不仅仅是抓笔以及指头力度的训练。

Can’t move in a symmetric way, is it because of the asymmetrical body or is it because of the brain can’t control the body in a symmetrical way?

I’m helping a little girl recently, one of the issues I’m working on is she couldn’t craw in a symmetric way, but heavily rely on her left side, which is the stronger side from top to bottom, so she crawled in a kind of side way into a shape of curved line arching left.

Since it’s quite obvious that the reason is because right side is weaker, so at the beginning I tried to train her shifting weight on the right side a couple of times, teaching the body and brain how to shifting weight from side to side, got very limited progress. Last time, I changed to train her turning pelvic vigorously to both side, and within less than 5 minutes, she’s able to crawl in a very beautiful symmetrical way into a straight line instead of an arched line.

Her muscles and muscle tone can’t change too much in such a short time, the body’s right side is still weaker comparing to left side, what has made the difference is her brain can somehow manage to control her body in a better way so despite her unbalanced body, she can still make a symmetrical movement.

This is what I learned from it: in many situations, as long as it’s not a very extreme situation, the so called weak muscle/muscle tone is actually strong enough to do many things in a good quality, as long as the brain knows how to control the body in a effective way.

运动不平衡,是因为身体左右muscle/muscle tone 不平衡还是因为大脑不能协调身体的左右部分协同工作?

最近在帮助一个小女孩,其中一个需要改善的方面是她不能左右平衡的爬直线,而是偏向使用左边的身体最后爬成了偏左的弧线。表面上看来是因为她整个身体都是左边好过右边:眼睛左转更容易,身体左转更容易,整个左边的协调性以及力量都好过右边,虽然右部分身体并没有差太多,所以这种左右的不平衡是不能很对称爬行的主要原因。按照这个思路我训练了右侧的身体两次,包括训练身体重量压在右边,以右边为支撑做一些运动,但是进展有限。后来我改变了训练方式:训练臀部做大范围的左右运动,不到5分钟,小女孩已经能够以非常对称平衡的方式爬出漂亮的直线了。

她的muscle/muschle tone 不可能在短短几分钟以内改变很多到左右平衡的地步,这几分钟内真正改变的是她的大脑学会了更有效的协调统管自己的身体,从而能克服左右的不平衡依然能爬出左右对称的姿势。

给我的启示是:对于相当多的情况,身体的muscle tone/muscle 力度肯定对运动的执行有影响,但是只要情况不太极端,训练方法得当,大脑是能够很快领悟并克服这些困难做到平常难以做到的事情的。

在快速提高大运动以及精细动作技能后,关于如何能保持水平不再回退的一点思考

实践中已经多次实现一次或者两次肢体训练后就能马上看到大运动技能或者手部精细动作的即刻好转,显得非常行之有效,但是这都有一个潜在的问题:一旦这些肢体训练不再继续,这些新获得的技能都会回退。如何能够做到真正让这些技能固化在大脑反射模版中成为日常行为的一部分一直是我面临的挑战。今天我有了一些新的想法。

以精细动作为例。手部动作的可运动范围取决于骨骼的可运动范围。手骨包括手臂骨骼的可能性位置决定了手的可能性姿势。如果用一个数学模型来统计,应该是个可数总量,假设是500,再考虑不同重力环境的影响—-比如站着坐着躺着,相关部分的控制力度是有不同的—-这个数字会上升到几千。一般人其实不需要完成所有的姿势和动作,最基本的可以有基本生活自理写字相关的能力所需要的姿势和动作假设只需要500。

假设一个人只能完成100种姿势和动作,那么缺口就是400,这个时候很多基本动作都无法完成。如果再连续的课程中加入各种变化以及不同的形式,补上了200,那么现在就是300个动作和姿势,这时候因为已经有了比较成型的相关脑部网络连接,那么大脑有希望自行发展这个网络,在不经意中发现新的姿势和动作都成为可能。如果这时候停止刻意训练,由于新信息已经构成网络,并且有希望自行发展,就算是有一部分神经网络没有被经常用到而被废弃,回退也会比较有限。这时候可以说新技能真正成为了身体的一部分。

这个假设基于两个要素,一个是假设新技能相关的新网络会被主体自觉使用,用进废退是不变的真理,这个尚不能证实。另一个是有了比较大的新网络以后大脑会比较容易自行发掘新姿势和动作,这个看似有理但是也尚不能证实。新网络的深度无法跟旧的多年的固化的网络深度相比,所以学习者年纪越大这个回退的挑战会越大。

如果这个假设是正确的,那么不同的变化多角度的训练应该是固化新技能,避免回退的重要途径。而年纪越早做训练,就越不容易回退。